Blog Archives

International Peace Research Institute

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2009. “International Peace Research Institute.” In The Oxford international encyclopedia of peace, edited by Nigel Young, 457-458. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Buy the book here. International Peace Research Institute. The International Peace Research Institute (PRIO) is based in

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Posted in In English, Peace Research

Ikkevold som en revolusjonær kraft

Ursprungligen publicerad i Medlemsbladet for IPPNW Norge, Nr. 2 juni 2003. Ved inngangen til det 21. århundre har menneskeheten flere erfaringer med ikkevoldelige midler i store konflikter enn noensinne. Og ikkevolden ser ut til vinne frem som den mest effektive

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Posted in Nonviolence, På norsk, Peace Research

Human Shields and pre-emptive Backfire

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2012. “Human shields and pre-emptive backfire.” In Backfire Manual, Tactics Against Injustice, edited by Brian Martin, 103-106. Sparsnäs: Irene Publishing. Buy the book here or here. Human Shields and pre-emptive Backfire It is normally not advisable to provoke

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence, Peace Research

Environmental protests in Norway

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2009. “Environmental protest, Norway, 20th century.” In International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, edited by Immanuel Ness. New York: Blackwell Publishing. Buy the book here.   Environmental protest, Norway, 20th century In 1996 the Norwegian Parliament decided to build

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence, Peace Research, Social Movements

Conscientious Objection

Source: Johansen, J. (2009). Conscientious Objection: Legal Rights, in The Oxford international Encyclopedia of peace. N. Young. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1: 461-463. Buy the Book here. Conscientious Objection (CO) is to refuse participation in a system of obligatory service when

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence, Peace Research

Acts of Omission in the “War on Terrorism”

Originally published as Johansen, Jørgen, “Acts of Omission in the “War on Terrorism”” in The ethics and efficacy of the global war on terrorism : fighting terror with terror, edited by Charles Webel and John A. Arnaldi. New York: Palgrave Macmillan,

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Posted in In English, Peace Research

World War II and Peace Movements (1939–1945)

Originally Published in International Encyclopedia of Peace xxx Having been broken by the outbreak of war in 1914 (and 1917 in the USA), peace movements in Europe and North America had grown in strength after 1918 The established peace organizations faced

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Posted in In English, Peace Research, Social Movements

War Resistance in a international perspective

Originally Published in xxx There are two basic strategies regarding nonviolent resistance in general and war resistance in particular. The first one is based on the fact that Power is dependent on cooperation. Power can then be broken by refusing

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence, Peace Research

Peace research needs to reorient

  First published in xxx 7th of February 2005 “Peace research concentrates on the question of violence. In particular, it has come to focus on organised violence on societal conflicts.” (Wallensten, 1988).   In the literature the most used term

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Posted in In English, Peace Research

New Revolutionary Movements

Originally Published in Jørgen Johansen & Charles P. Webel, Peace and Conflict Studies: A Reader, Routledge 2006. Buy the book here.   New Revolutionary Movements The history of nonviolence goes back hundreds if not thousands of years. Several philosophical, political, and religious

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Posted in In English, Peace Research, Social Movements