Blog Archives

Anti-militarism in the 19th Century

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2009. “Antimilitarism in the Nineteenth Century.” In The Oxford international encyclopedia of peace, edited by Nigel Young, 65-67. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Anti-militarism in the 19th Century The nineteenth century was the first time that political associations, organized

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Posted in In English, Peace Research, Social Movements

War Crimes Law

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2009. “War Crimes Law.” In The Oxford international encyclopedia of peace, edited by Nigel Young, 339-341. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Buy the Book here. War Crimes Law  War crimes can be defined as “violations of the laws or

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Posted in In English, Peace Research

International Peace Research Institute

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2009. “International Peace Research Institute.” In The Oxford international encyclopedia of peace, edited by Nigel Young, 457-458. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Buy the book here. International Peace Research Institute. The International Peace Research Institute (PRIO) is based in

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Posted in In English, Peace Research

Conscientious Objection

Source: Johansen, J. (2009). Conscientious Objection: Legal Rights, in The Oxford international Encyclopedia of peace. N. Young. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1: 461-463. Buy the Book here. Conscientious Objection (CO) is to refuse participation in a system of obligatory service when

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence, Peace Research