Blog Archives

Anti-militarism in the 19th Century

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2009. “Antimilitarism in the Nineteenth Century.” In The Oxford international encyclopedia of peace, edited by Nigel Young, 65-67. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Anti-militarism in the 19th Century The nineteenth century was the first time that political associations, organized

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Posted in In English, Peace Research, Social Movements

What is peace work?

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2012. “What is Peace Work?” In Medical Peace Work, 2nd Edition, Curse 1-7, edited by J. Salvage, M. Rowson and K. Melf. London: Medact. Lesson 1.2.4: What is peace work? Learning objectives By the end of this lesson

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence

Sending the Protest Message

Source: Johansen, Jørgen, and Brian Martin. 2008. “Sending the Protest Message.” Gandhi Marg no. 29 (4):503-519. Sending the Protest Message By Jørgen Johansen and Brian Martin What makes a protest action effective? Organisers have lots of potential choices: what, when, where,

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Nonviolence as a Constructive Force

Source: Johansen, Jørgen, 2006: “Nonviolence as a Constructive Force.” Gandhi Marg no. 27 (3&4):365-374.   The 20th century is the most violent period in the history of mankind. More people have suffered and more people have been killed by organised violence

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Nonviolence – More than absence of violence

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2007. “Nonviolence: More than the absence of violence.” In Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies, edited by Charles Webel and Johan Galtung, 143-159. London, New York: Routledge. Buy the book here. Introduction Research on nonviolence has never

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence, Peace Research

Human Shields and pre-emptive Backfire

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2012. “Human shields and pre-emptive backfire.” In Backfire Manual, Tactics Against Injustice, edited by Brian Martin, 103-106. Sparsnäs: Irene Publishing. Buy the book here or here. Human Shields and pre-emptive Backfire It is normally not advisable to provoke

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence, Peace Research

World War II and Peace Movements (1939–1945)

Originally Published in International Encyclopedia of Peace xxx Having been broken by the outbreak of war in 1914 (and 1917 in the USA), peace movements in Europe and North America had grown in strength after 1918 The established peace organizations faced

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Posted in In English, Peace Research, Social Movements

War Resistance in a international perspective

Originally Published in xxx There are two basic strategies regarding nonviolent resistance in general and war resistance in particular. The first one is based on the fact that Power is dependent on cooperation. Power can then be broken by refusing

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Nonviolence as a constructive force

Originally Published in xxx   The 20th century is the most violent period in the history of mankind. More people have suffered and more people have been killed by organised violence than in any other similar epoch ever. The hundreds

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Ikkevold som strategi og alternativ til vold

Originally published in xxx   Den gang Fredskontorene var i aktivitet var det Gandhi og befrielsen av India fra britisk herredømme som var det store eksemplet på hvilken kraft og mulighet det lå i bruk av ikkevold for å endre verden. Bakgrunn

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Posted in Nonviolence, På norsk