Blog Archives

Anti-militarism in the 19th Century

Source: Johansen, Jørgen. 2009. “Antimilitarism in the Nineteenth Century.” In The Oxford international encyclopedia of peace, edited by Nigel Young, 65-67. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Anti-militarism in the 19th Century The nineteenth century was the first time that political associations, organized

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Posted in In English, Peace Research, Social Movements

Conscientious Objection

Source: Johansen, J. (2009). Conscientious Objection: Legal Rights, in The Oxford international Encyclopedia of peace. N. Young. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1: 461-463. Buy the Book here. Conscientious Objection (CO) is to refuse participation in a system of obligatory service when

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence, Peace Research

Conscientious Objection: Legal Rights

Originally published in International Encyclopedia of Peace xxx   Conscientious Objection (CO) is to refuse participation in a system of obligatory service when one is conscientiously opposed to the service. In most cases the objector refuses to do military service, but individuals may

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Posted in In English, Nonviolence, Political comment and analysis